HM Treasury will create new tax category for heated tobacco products
HM Treasury announced this week that it will create a new product category for taxing heated tobacco products. The announcement was contained in the Treasury’s release of the results of its public consultation on the tax treatment of heated tobacco products which was concluded in June 2017.
The current rules for taxing tobacco products in the UK are proscribed by the Tobacco Products Duty Act of 1979 (the “Act”). Products which are subject to excise duty are defined in the Tobacco Products Order 2003. With the exception of chewing tobacco, smokeless products, including “heat not burn” products, are not expressly addressed in the current rules.
According to HM Treasury two thirds of those responding to its consultation last year believed that adding a new category in the Act was the “best way to capture heated tobacco products for duty purposes.” A majority of respondents commented that heated tobacco products are “new and novel” and as such a new category would distinguish them from traditional tobacco products and thus avoid confusion with existing categories in the future. The government agrees with these views and believes that a new category will give “certainty to manufacturers and consumers about the duty treatment of heated tobacco products.”
Based on its review of the input received during the consultation the government has refined the criteria for defining a product as heated tobacco as follows:
- not cigarettes, cigars, hand-rolling tobacco, other smoking tobacco, or chewing tobacco
- consists of or includes tobacco
- has been manufactured as an insert for exclusive use in a device designed to produce vapour without combustion
Accordingly, the government will waive requirement for the tobacco to be encapsulated. It will also remove the separate carve-out for water pipes as it is understood that when “prepared for use in a water pipe the tobacco product would be capable of being smoked and so would not meet the other criteria.”
The majority of respondents indicated that the excise duty should be calculated on the weight of the tobacco. Several commented that from a practical perspective this was indeed feasible. We have reported previously that this is the prevailing means of taxation among numerous European countries that already tax heated tobacco products. The government agrees with this consensus and has therefore decided that the duty on heated tobacco should be calculated based on weight. This approach will provide flexibility across diverse product formats and ensure that the duty will be based on the amount of tobacco in the product.
It was agreed that the devices used to heat the tobacco and generate vapor for the consumer should not be subjected to excise duty.
With respect to the rate of duty several respondents said the rate should reflect the emerging evidence of relative harm while another cautioned against setting a rate that is too high and could encourage illicit trade. Yet another supported a rate that will allow the category to develop and support innovation. The government will consider these issues when determining the duty rate which it will announce with the Budget.
The government plans to publish draft legislation in the summer for technical consultation and to legislate the change in Finance Bill 2018-19. HM Treasury’s announcement comes two months after the European Commission decided not to mandate the harmonization of taxes on novel products such as “heat not burn products”.